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|CAS No.:||96489-71-3||Other Names:||Sanmite;NC-129;NCI-129|
CAS 96489 71 3 spinosad insecticide,
CAS 96489 71 3 spinosad pesticide,
98%TC spinosad insecticide
he bacteria produce yellowish-pink aerial hyphae, with bead-like chains of spores enclosed in a characteristic hairy sheath.
This genus is defined as aerobic, Gram-positive, nonacid-fast actinomycetes with fragmenting substrate mycelium.
S. spinosa was isolated from soil collected inside a nonoperational sugar mill rum still in the Virgin Islands.
Spinosad is a mixture of chemical compounds in the spinosyn family
that has a generalized structure consisting of a unique tetracyclic ring system attached to an amino sugar (D-forosamine)
and a neutral sugar (tri-Ο-methyl-L-rhamnose).
Spinosad is relatively nonpolar and not easily dissolved in water.
Spinosad is a novel mode-of-action insecticide derived from a family of natural products obtained by fermentation of S. spinosa.
Spinosyns occur in over 20 natural forms, and over 200 synthetic forms (spinosoids) have been produced in the lab.
Spinosad contains a mix of two spinosoids, spinosyn A, the major component, and spinosyn D (the minor component), in a roughly 17:3 ratio.
or tolerance is set at 1.5 ppm. Spinosad's widespread commercial launch was deferred, awaiting final MRL or tolerance approvals in a few
remaining grain-importing countries. It is considered a natural product, thus is approved for use in organic agriculture by numerous nations. Two
other uses for spinosad are for pets and humans. Spinosad has recently been used in oral preparations (as Comfortis) to treat C. felis, the cat flea, in canines and felines; the optimal dose set for canines is reported to be 30 mg/kg.
Spinosad is sold under the trade names, Comfortis, Trifexis, and Natroba. Trifexis also includes milbemycin oxime. Comfortis and Trifexis brands
treat adult fleas on pets; the latter also prevents heartworm disease. Natroba is sold for treatment of human head lice. Spinosad is also commonly
used to kill thrips.
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